The high-temperature particle – supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) Brayton power system is a promising option for concentrating solar power (CSP) plants to achieve SunShot metrics for high-temperature operation, efficiency, and cost. This system includes a falling particle receiver to collect solar thermal radiation, a dry-cooled sCO2 Brayton power block to produce electricity, and a particle to sCO2 heat exchanger to couple the previous two. While both falling particle receivers and sCO2 Brayton cycles have been demonstrated previously, a high temperature, high pressure particle/sCO2 heat exchanger has never before been demonstrated. Industry experience with similar heat exchangers is limited to lower pressures, lower temperatures, or alternative fluids such as steam. Sandia is partnering with three experienced heat exchanger manufacturers to develop and down-select several designs for the unit that achieves both high performance and low specific cost to retire risks associated with a solar thermal particle/sCO2 power system. This paper describes plans for the construction of a particle sCO2 heat exchanger testbed at Sandia operating above 700 °C and 20 MPa, with the ability to couple directly with a previously-developed falling particle receiver for on-sun testing at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility (NSTTF).

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