Open expansion tanks are applied vastly in central heating and air-conditioning systems. Central heating systems are subjected to great deals of energy losses, owing to the lack of proper design. In this paper, the structure of Open Expansion Tanks is revised and some modifications for reducing energy and heat loss are made to their elements. Moreover, some common designs available in the market are studied in order to better recognize their defects and capabilities. To reach an efficient design, several scenarios are tested using Computational methods (CFD based). In order to validate the new design, an experimental model was created and heat and energy survey operations were performed. The results of energy auditing were analyzed to show the convergence of numerical and experimental models. Additionally, the proposed model was economically evaluated. The final presented model named “Optimized OET with twin containers” is capable of reducing the energy loss by 85 to 95 percent.

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