This paper describes the modelling and design of an external receiver using supercritical CO2 as the heat transfer fluid that can reach up to 700 °C outlet temperature with ∼85% thermal efficiency. The internal pressure of the tubes is 20 MPa. The receiver tubes are arranged in a serpentine fashion and are coated with Pyromark 2500. Analyses were performed to evaluate the thermal efficiency of the receiver as a function of incidence angle of the incident radiation. Two different radiation models, discrete ordinates and surface-to-surface ray tracing, were used in the computational fluid dynamics model (ANSYS FLUENT). The receiver thermal efficiency ranged from 75% for incidence angles of 80 degrees to 88% for near-normal incidence angles of 10 degrees.

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