A numerical analysis of the characterization of the water flow through a flat solar collector is presented. The manifold area change for minimizing the water flow variation in the solar collector is analyzed. The area ratio in the inlet and outlet of the manifolds were modified in a range of Am/Ao = 1 to 4, where Am and Ao are the cross-sectional area modified and original of the manifolds, respectively. The solar collector investigated is equipped with six riser tubes, which are attached to the manifolds pipe. The numerical study was developed in a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) using FLUENT®. This code allows to solve the Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations and the transport equations of the turbulence quantities. The results shown that increasing the inlet and outlet area of the manifolds allow a more uniform flow distribution compared to the original configuration of the solar collector. It also shows that the overall pressure drop in the solar collector is reduced.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.