In order to use real-time energy measurements to identify system operation faults and inefficiencies, a cooling coil energy baseline is studied in an air-handling unit (AHU) through an integration of physical models and a data driven approach in this paper. A physical model for an AHU cooling coil energy consumption is first built to understand equipment mechanism and to determine the variables impacting cooling coil energy performance, and then the physical model is simplified into a lumped model by reducing the number of independent variables needed. Regression coefficients in the lumped model are determined statistically through searching optimal fit using the least square method with short periods of measured data. Experimental results on an operational AHU (8 ton) are presented to validate the effectiveness of this approach with statistical analysis. As a result of this experiment, the proposed cooling energy baselines at the cooling coil have ±20% errors at 99.7% confidence. Six-day data for obtaining baseline is preferred since it shows similar results as 12-day.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.