This paper analyzes the evolution of the engineer’s role through history, from its origin in the Industrial Revolution to the present day. After that, an analysis of the current energetic transition and climate change context in the world, especially from the perspective of Mexico, is made. This analysis shows the need for a professional specialized in the development and improvement of efficient equipment for the sustainable use of energy. Throughout this article, professional degrees related with sustainable development in Mexico are reviewed, and the lack of this kind of professional degree was observed. Finally, we present the development of the Sustainable Energy Engineering Curriculum in the State of Mexico University. We have established the competencies and abilities that this professional must have in order to develop sustainable solutions to the energy dilemmas in Mexico.

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