The iron/iron-oxide looping cycle has the potential to produce high purity hydrogen from coal or natural gas without the need for gas phase separation: Hydrogen is produced from steam oxidation of iron or Wustite yielding primarily Magnetite; Magnetite is then reduced back to iron/Wustite using syngas (CO+H2). A system model has been developed to identify favorable operation conditions and process configurations. Process configurations for three distinct temperature ranges, (i) 500–950 K, (ii) 950–1100 K, and (iii) 1100–1200 K have been developed. The energy content of high temperature syngas from conventional coal gasifiers is sufficient to drive the looping process throughout the temperature range considered. Temperatures around 1000 K are advantageous for both the hydrogen production step and the iron oxide reduction step. Simulations of a large number of subsequent cycles indicate that quasi-steady operation is reached after approximately 5 cycles. Comparison of simulations and experiments indicate that the process is currently limited by chemical kinetics at lower temperatures. Therefore, product recirculation should be used for a scaled-up process to increase reactant residence times while maintaining sufficient fluidization velocity.
- Advanced Energy Systems Division and Solar Energy Division
Hydrogen Production via the Iron/Iron Oxide Looping Cycle
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Singh, A, Al-Raqom, F, Klausner, J, & Petrasch, J. "Hydrogen Production via the Iron/Iron Oxide Looping Cycle." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability. ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Parts A, B, and C. Washington, DC, USA. August 7–10, 2011. pp. 1999-2008. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ES2011-54499
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