Due to extreme summers in the Desert Southwest region of the U.S., there are substantial peaks in electricity demand. Through a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy, a consortium has been formed between the University of Nevada Las Vegas, Pulte Homes, and NV Energy (formerly known as Nevada Power) to address this issue. The team has been developing a series of approximately 200 homes in Las Vegas to study substation level peak electric load reduction strategies. The targeted goal of the project is a peak reduction of more than 65%, between 1:00 PM and 7:00 PM, compared to code standard housing developments. Energy performances of the homes have been monitored and the results were stored for further analysis. A computer model has been developed for one of the homes in the new development using building energy simulation code, ENERGY 10. Influence of different peak reduction strategies on the electricity demand from the home has been analyzed using the developed model. The simulations predict that the annual electrical energy demand from the energy efficient home compared to a code standard home of the same size decreases by 38%. The simulations have also shown that the energy efficient measures reduce the electricity demand from the home during the peak periods. Simulations on the photovoltaic (PV) orientation show that a south oriented PV system is best suited for a home enrolled to flat electricity pricing schedule and a 220°(40° west of due south) orientation is economically optimal for homes enrolled in the time-of-use pricing. The energy efficiency methods in the building coupled with a 220° oriented PV and two degrees thermostat setback for three hours (from 3:00–6:00 PM) can reduce the peak demand by 62% compared to a code standard building of the same size.
- Advanced Energy Systems Division and Solar Energy Division
Measurements and Simulations of Electrical Demand From Residential Buildings for Peak Load Reduction
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Sadineni, SB, Atallah, F, & Boehm, RF. "Measurements and Simulations of Electrical Demand From Residential Buildings for Peak Load Reduction." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability. ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Parts A, B, and C. Washington, DC, USA. August 7–10, 2011. pp. 1759-1767. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ES2011-54291
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