The H2 and CO productivity and reactivity of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) cerium and cerium-zirconium oxide upon H2O and CO2 oxidation at 1073K is presented in comparison to the productivity and reactivity of non-ordered porous and low porosity cerium oxide. The production of H2 and CO2 constitutes the second step of the two-step solar thermochemical H2O and CO2 splitting cycles. The 3DOM cerium oxide, with a specific surface area of 25 m2 g−1, increases the average H2 and CO production rates over the non-ordered porous cerium oxide with a specific surface area of 112 m2 g−1: the average H2 production rate increases from 5.2 cm3 g−1 min−1 to 7.9 cm3 g−1 min−1 and the average CO production rate increases from 7.7 cm3 g−1 min−1 to 21.9 cm3 g−1 min−1. The superior reactivity of 3DOM cerium oxide is attributed primarily to the stability of the 3DOM structure and also to the improved transport of reacting species to and from oxidation sites realized with the interconnected and ordered pores of the 3DOM structure. Doping the 3DOM cerium oxide with 20 mol% zirconia further stabilizes the structure and increases the average H2 and CO production rates to 10.2 cm3 g−1 min−1 and 22.1 cm3 g−1 min−1, respectively.
- Advanced Energy Systems Division and Solar Energy Division
The Oxidation of Macroporous Cerium and Cerium-Zirconium Oxide for the Solar Thermochemical Production of Fuels
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Venstrom, LJ, Petkovich, N, Rudisill, S, Stein, A, & Davidson, JH. "The Oxidation of Macroporous Cerium and Cerium-Zirconium Oxide for the Solar Thermochemical Production of Fuels." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability. ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Parts A, B, and C. Washington, DC, USA. August 7–10, 2011. pp. 1585-1593. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ES2011-54160
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