The Molten-Salt Tubular Absorber/Reformer (MoSTAR) Project, which is jointly conducted by Niigata University, Japan, and Inha University, Korea, aims to develop a novel-type of “double-walled” tubular absorbers/reformers with molten-salt thermal storage at high temperature for use in solar natural-gas reforming and solar air receiver, and to demonstrate their performances on sun with a 5-kWt dish-type solar concentrator. The new concept of “double-walled” reactor tubes was proposed for use in a solar reformer by Niigata University, Japan, and involves packing a molten salt in the annular region between the internal catalyst tube and the exterior solar absorber tube of the double reactor tube. In this work, “metal-plate-bridged” double reactor tubes are newly proposed for use in a solar reformer. Two different sized reactor tubes are constructed, and tested on chemical reaction performance for dry reforming of methane during cooling or heat-discharge mode of the reactor tube using an electric furnace. The experimental results obtained under feed gas mixture of CH4/CO2 = 1:3 at a residence time of 0.36 s and at 1 atm showed that the double reactor tube with the heat storage medium Na2CO3 in the annular region successfully sustained a high methane conversion above 90% with about 0.7-kW output power of the reformed gas based on HHV for 40 min of the heat-discharge mode. The application of the new reactor tubes to solar tubular reformers is expected to help realize stable operation of the solar reforming process under fluctuating insolation during a cloud passage.
- Advanced Energy Systems Division and Solar Energy Division
Molten-Salt Tubular Absorber/Reformer (MoSTAR) Project: Metal-Plate-Bridged Double Tube Reactor
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Kodama, T, Gokon, N, Inuta, S, Yamashita, S, Hatamachi, T, & Seo, T. "Molten-Salt Tubular Absorber/Reformer (MoSTAR) Project: Metal-Plate-Bridged Double Tube Reactor." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the Heat Transfer and InterPACK09 Conferences. ASME 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Volume 2. San Francisco, California, USA. July 19–23, 2009. pp. 451-457. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ES2009-90230
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