This paper seeks to develop 3D dynamic models for polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) and hydrogen tanks, respectively. The dynamic model of PEFCs consists of multiple layers of a single PEFC and couples the various dynamic mechanisms in fuel cells, such as electrochemical double-layer discharging/charging, species transport, heat transfer, and membrane water uptake. The one of hydrogen tanks includes a 3D description of the hydride kinetics coupled with mass/heat transport in the hydrogen tank. Transient of fuel cell during step change in current is simulated. Dynamic responses of the cell voltage and heat generation rate are discussed. Hydrogen absorption process in the tank is considered. Temperature, reaction rate and heat rejection in the fuel tank are presented. Efforts are also made to discuss the coupling of these two systems in practice and associated issues.

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