This paper undertakes a thermodynamic analysis of a high-temperature solid oxide fuel cell, combined with a conventional recuperative gas turbine. In the analysis the balance equations for mass, energy and exergy for the system as a whole and its components are written, and both energy and exergy efficiencies are studied for comparison purposes. These results are also verified with data available in the literature for typical operating conditions, the predictive model of the system is validated. The energy efficiency of the integrated cycle is obtained to be as high as 60.55% at the optimum compression ratio. These model findings indicate the influence of different parameters on the performance of the cycle and irreversibilities therein, with respect to the exergy destruction rate and/or entropy generation rate. The results show that a higher ambient temperature would lead to lower energy and exergy efficiencies, and lower net specific power. Furthermore, the results indicate that increasing the turbine inlet temperature results in decreasing both the energy and exergy efficiencies of the cycle, whereas it improves the total specific power output. However, an increase in either the turbine inlet temperature or compression ratio leads to a higher rate of irreversibility within the plant. It is shown that the combustor and SOFC contribute predominantly to the total irreversibility of the system; about 60 percent of which takes place in these components at a typical operating condition, with 31.4% for the combustor and 27.9% for the SOFC.
- Advanced Energy Systems Division and Solar Energy Division
Thermodynamic Performance of a Gas Turbine Plant Combined With a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell
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Haseli, Y, Dincer, I, & Naterer, GF. "Thermodynamic Performance of a Gas Turbine Plant Combined With a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the Heat Transfer, Fluids Engineering, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences. ASME 2008 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Volume 2. Jacksonville, Florida, USA. August 10–14, 2008. pp. 23-32. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ES2008-54336
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