The Integrated Energy Strategy (IES) is a systemic approach to pursue several goals by applying technologies that have not been integrated before. The concept was to maximize the use of proven technologies that reduce the risk while focusing on the key enabling developments that leverage the benefits of a systems approach. Each of the component operations illustrated in the paper will be part of the US energy infrastructure in the future. Additional economies of scale and advantages of earlier availability result from the APS-NETL approach. The future of America’s energy infrastructure must support utilities becoming leaders in transitions rather than just forced customers of risky solutions.

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