So far the energy saving potentials in refrigeration and air conditioning systems are the focuses of researchers all over the world. The all cold air distribution systems are being widely used due to the advantages of saving building space, less energy consumption in some given conditions and less initial cost, mostly in the residential or office buildings. The stratified air conditioning technology is adopted mainly for large space buildings to reduce the system energy consumption, normally at conventional supply air temperature. In this paper, with an example of large space building, the energy consumptions of four all outdoor air systems are calculated and compared from the view of the total annual primary energy consumption. The detailed analysis shows that comparing the conventional all outdoor air system for the whole indoor space or that with stratified air conditioning technology, the all cold outdoor air system with stratified air conditioning has the energy saving potentials. It will be promoted in the future application of HVAC systems in large space buildings.

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