This paper provides a simplified analysis method and to evaluate the potential of night ventilation to save cooling energy for office buildings. Specifically, impacts on cooling energy performance are investigated for various combinations of night ventilation flow rates and duration periods. The analysis results indicate that an increase of ventilation duration period and volume rate leads to greater night ventilation benefits for dwellings located in Denver, CO. However, an increase of the ventilation volume rate above 5 air changes per hour has a little impact on cooling energy savings. When the ventilation period is short (less than 10 hours), and the flow rate is high (more than 3 ACH), the cooling energy savings from night ventilation increase linearly with the ventilation duration period length. A simplified calculation method has been developed based on the results of a series of parametric simulation analyses. Commercial building designers and operators can use the proposed simplified calculation tool to assess the effectiveness of night ventilation in reducing cooling energy use.

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