For mobile robots, such as Autonomous Surface Vessels (ASVs), limiting error from a target trajectory is necessary for effective and safe operation. This can be difficult when subjected to environmental disturbances like wind, waves, and currents. This work compares the tracking performance of an ASV using a Model Predictive Controller that includes a model of these disturbances. Two disturbance models are compared. One prediction model assumes the current disturbance measurements are constant over the entire prediction horizon. The other uses a statistical model of the disturbances over the prediction horizon. The Model Predictive Controller performance is also compared to a PI-controlled system under the same disturbance conditions. Including a disturbance model in the prediction of the dynamics decreases the trajectory tracking error over the entire disturbance spectrum, especially for longer horizon lengths.

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