Abstract

Efficient and accurate robotic interactions with flexible structures are critical for many manufacturing processes where the elasticity of the workpiece and the robot must be accounted for. In particular, for clamping and drilling flexible structures, maintaining tool-workpiece normality and limiting shear forces are essential. The main contribution of this article is to show experimentally, that data acquired during a robotic clamping operation can be used to speed up the process for similar operations. Utilizing the learned parameters, a map between the measured forces and robot joint positions is used to develop time-based robot-joint (velocity) trajectories to achieve a specified robot-workpiece interaction. Experimental results show that the operating speed can be increased by three times while maintaining interaction forces and torques within acceptable levels.

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