This paper presents a distributed current source (DCS) method for modeling the dynamic responses of eddy current density (ECD) induced in electrical conductors and its corresponding magnetic flux density (MFD); both nonmagnetic and weakly magnetized conductors are considered. Unlike conventional numerical methods such as finite element analysis (FEA), the DCS method, which accounts for the eddy-current and magnetization effects by means of equivalent volume and surface current-sources, derives closed-form solutions to the ECD and MFD fields in state-space representation. The model has been experimentally validated and verified by comparing results from FEA simulations with both harmonic and nonharmonic excitations. To gain physical insights to the measured MFD for simultaneous estimating the material/geometrical properties of a conductor, the static and dynamic responses to rectangular pulsed current excitations have been numerically investigated, confirming the feasibility and effectiveness of the measurement methods.

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