Autonomous vehicle technology provides the means to optimize motion planning beyond human capacity. In particular, the problem of navigating multi-lane traffic optimally for trip time, energy efficiency, and collision avoidance presents challenges beyond those of single-lane roadways. For example, the host vehicle must simultaneously track multiple obstacles, the drivable region is non-convex, and automated vehicles must obey social expectations. Furthermore, reactive decision-making may result in becoming stuck in an undesirable traffic position. This paper presents a fundamental approach to these problems using model predictive control with a mixed integer quadratic program at its core. Lateral and longitudinal movements are coordinated to avoid collisions, track a velocity and lane, and minimize acceleration. Vehicle-to-vehicle connectivity provides a preview of surrounding vehicles’ motion. Simulation results show a 79% reduction in congestion-induced travel time and an 80% decrease in congestion-induced fuel consumption compared to a rule-based approach.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.