Deficit of the extraocular muscle is known as a key cause of ocular motility disorders that affect eye movement and complicate daily activities of millions of people in the US. A physical model mimicking the biomechanics of the oculomotor plant can improve the understanding of functionality and control of extraocular muscles and provide a tool for researchers to gain insights into binocular misalignment. This paper will present, for the first time, the design and development of a robotic eye system driven by antagonistic super coiled polymer (SCP) based artificial muscles and the motion control design by leveraging machine learning techniques. The dynamic model of the robotic eye will be presented. Deep reinforcement learning is used for control design of the robotic eye system, demonstrated by simulation of one-dimensional foveation control.

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