As small rotorcraft grow in capability, the possibilities for their application increase dramatically. Many of these new applications require stable outdoor flight, necessitating a closer look at the aerodynamic response of the aircraft in windy environments. This paper develops the equations of motion for a single-propeller test stand by analyzing the blade-flapping response of a small-stiff propeller in wind. The system dynamics are simulated to show behavior under various wind conditions, and stable system equilibria are identified. Experiments with a rotor-pendulum validate the simulations, including system equilibria and gust response.

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