Approximate dynamic programming, also known as reinforcement learning, is applied for optimal control of Antilock Brake Systems (ABS) in ground vehicles. As an accurate and control oriented model of the brake system, quarter vehicle model with hydraulic brake system is selected. Due to the switching nature of hydraulic brake system of ABS, an optimal switching solution is generated through minimizing a performance index that penalizes the braking distance and forces the vehicle velocity to go to zero, while preventing wheel lock-ups. Towards this objective, a value iteration algorithm is selected for ‘learning’ the infinite horizon solution. Artificial neural networks, as powerful function approximators, are utilized for approximating the value function. The training is conducted offline using least squares. Once trained, the converged neural network is used for determining optimal decisions for the actuators on the fly. Numerical simulations show that this approach is very promising while having low real-time computational burden, hence, outperforms many existing solutions in the literature.
- Dynamic Systems and Control Division
Optimal Switching in Anti-Lock Brake Systems of Ground Vehicles Based on Approximate Dynamic Programming
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Sardarmehni, T, & Heydari, A. "Optimal Switching in Anti-Lock Brake Systems of Ground Vehicles Based on Approximate Dynamic Programming." Proceedings of the ASME 2015 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference. Volume 3: Multiagent Network Systems; Natural Gas and Heat Exchangers; Path Planning and Motion Control; Powertrain Systems; Rehab Robotics; Robot Manipulators; Rollover Prevention (AVS); Sensors and Actuators; Time Delay Systems; Tracking Control Systems; Uncertain Systems and Robustness; Unmanned, Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Dynamics Control; Vibration and Control of Smart Structures/Mech Systems; Vibration Issues in Mechanical Systems. Columbus, Ohio, USA. October 28–30, 2015. V003T50A010. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2015-9893
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