Rough, off-road terrain contains multiple hazards for an unmanned ground vehicle (UGV). In this paper, hazards are classified into three groups: obstacles, rough traversable terrain, and rough untraversable terrain. These three types of hazards create a rollover risk for a UGV. A nonlinear model predictive controller (NMPC) that is capable of navigating a UGV through these hazards is presented. The control algorithm features a nonlinear tire model which more accurately captures the dynamics of the UGV when compared to a linearized tire model, and has a fast enough run time for real time implementation. On an actual vehicle, the UGV is assumed to be equipped with a perception based sensor, such as a Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) unit, to provide information of the terrain roughness, grade, and elevation. This information is used by the NMPC to safely control the vehicle to a target location. However, for the purposes of this paper, control inputs and terrain are simulated in Car-Sim , and the feasibility of real time implementation is investigated.
- Dynamic Systems and Control Division
Nonlinear Model Predictive Controller for an Unmanned Ground Vehicle on Variable Terrain
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Eick, A, & Bevly, D. "Nonlinear Model Predictive Controller for an Unmanned Ground Vehicle on Variable Terrain." Proceedings of the ASME 2015 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference. Volume 3: Multiagent Network Systems; Natural Gas and Heat Exchangers; Path Planning and Motion Control; Powertrain Systems; Rehab Robotics; Robot Manipulators; Rollover Prevention (AVS); Sensors and Actuators; Time Delay Systems; Tracking Control Systems; Uncertain Systems and Robustness; Unmanned, Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Dynamics Control; Vibration and Control of Smart Structures/Mech Systems; Vibration Issues in Mechanical Systems. Columbus, Ohio, USA. October 28–30, 2015. V003T44A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2015-9982
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