This paper deals with the problem of designing a distributed fault detection and isolation algorithm for nonlinear large-scale systems that are subjected to multiple fault modes. To solve this problem, a network of detection nodes is deployed to monitor the monolithic system. Each node consists of an estimator with partial observation of the system’s state. The local estimator executes a distributed variation of the particle filtering algorithm; that process the local sensor measurements and the fault progression model of the system. In addition, each node communicates with its neighbors by sharing pre-processed information. The communication topology is defined using graph theoretic tools. The information fusion between the neighboring nodes is performed by a distributed average consensus algorithm to ensure the agreement on the value of the local estimates. The simulation results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed approach.

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