Fault monitoring of the upstream universal exhaust gas oxygen (UEGO) sensor, as mandated by the California air resources board (CARB), is a necessary action to maintain the performance of the operation of the air-fuel ratio (AFR) control system and indicate the need for maintenance when a fault is present which could potentially lead to exceeding the emissions limits. When the UEGO sensor fault is accurately diagnosed, i.e. fault is detected, direction is identified and magnitude is estimated, tuning of the controller gains can be performed accurately with minimal calibration efforts. Presented in this paper is a control strategy that utilizes the type, direction and magnitude of fault detected to adapt the gains of the controller and update the parameters of the Smith predictor (SP) in order to maintain the stability of AFR control loop. The proposed approach has been validated on a vehicle (Mustang V6 3.7L) equipped with ATI No-Hooks rapid prototyping system. Different fault types and magnitudes were tested and the tailpipe emissions were assessed on federal test procedure (FTP) cycles.

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