A mathematical model is developed for a rolling robot with a cylindrically-shaped, elliptical outer surface that has the ability to alter its shape as it rolls, resulting in a torque imbalance that accelerates or decelerates the robot. A control scheme is implemented, whereby angular position and angular velocity are used as feedback to trigger and define morphing actuation. The goal of the control is to direct the robot to follow a given angular velocity profile. Equations of motion for the rolling robot are formulated and solved numerically. Results show that by automatically morphing its shape in a periodic fashion, the rolling robot is able to start from rest, achieve constant average velocity and slow itself in order to follow a desired velocity profile with significant accuracy.
- Dynamic Systems and Control Division
Velocity Control of a Cylindrical Rolling Robot by Surface-Morphing
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Puopolo, M, & Jacob, JD. "Velocity Control of a Cylindrical Rolling Robot by Surface-Morphing." Proceedings of the ASME 2015 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference. Volume 1: Adaptive and Intelligent Systems Control; Advances in Control Design Methods; Advances in Non-Linear and Optimal Control; Advances in Robotics; Advances in Wind Energy Systems; Aerospace Applications; Aerospace Power Optimization; Assistive Robotics; Automotive 2: Hybrid Electric Vehicles; Automotive 3: Internal Combustion Engines; Automotive Engine Control; Battery Management; Bio Engineering Applications; Biomed and Neural Systems; Connected Vehicles; Control of Robotic Systems. Columbus, Ohio, USA. October 28–30, 2015. V001T04A002. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2015-9783
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