This paper introduces a finite state machine to select between impedance and admittance control for a powered ankle-foot prosthesis controllable in both Dorsiflexion-Plantarflexion (DP) and Inversion-Eversion (IE). Strain gauges are installed on the prosthesis’ foot to measure the strain caused by ground reaction forces, which are correlated to the external torques in DP and IE. The external torques are used for the admittance and impedance controllers. Additionally, the finite state machine uses the strain gauges feedback to detect the heel-strike and switch to admittance control. The admittance control accepts torque feedback to generate motion, this way larger feedback torques effectively reduces the stiffness of the ankle. During push off, the finite state machine switches to impedance control, accepting motion feedback to generate the appropriated torques. The quasi-static stiffness of the prosthesis with impedance control was tested, showing a near linear relationship between the torque feedback gain and the stiffness of the ankle. The finite state machine and controllers were also evaluated using a custom-made circular treadmill and the results were compared to the results of position and passive controllers; showing that the impedance/admittance controller was capable of tracking the desired input trajectory while decreasing the required torque at the ankle joint.

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