The performance of model predictive control (MPC) for energy management in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVS) is strongly dependent on the projected future driving profile. This paper proposes a novel velocity forecasting method based on artificial neural networks (ANN). The objective is to improve the fuel economy of a power-split HEV in a nonlinear MPC framework. In this study, no telemetry or on-board sensor information is required. A comparative study is conducted between the ANN-based method and two other velocity predictors: generalized exponentially varying and Markov-chain models. The sensitivity of the prediction precision and computational cost on tuning parameters in examined for each forecasting strategy. Validation results show that the ANN-based velocity predictor exhibits the best overall performance with respect to minimizing fuel consumption.
- Dynamic Systems and Control Division
Comparison of Velocity Forecasting Strategies for Predictive Control in HEVs
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Sun, C, Hu, X, Moura, SJ, & Sun, F. "Comparison of Velocity Forecasting Strategies for Predictive Control in HEVs." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference. Volume 2: Dynamic Modeling and Diagnostics in Biomedical Systems; Dynamics and Control of Wind Energy Systems; Vehicle Energy Management Optimization; Energy Storage, Optimization; Transportation and Grid Applications; Estimation and Identification Methods, Tracking, Detection, Alternative Propulsion Systems; Ground and Space Vehicle Dynamics; Intelligent Transportation Systems and Control; Energy Harvesting; Modeling and Control for Thermo-Fluid Applications, IC Engines, Manufacturing. San Antonio, Texas, USA. October 22–24, 2014. V002T20A003. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2014-6031
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