For recognizing human motion intent, electromyogram (EMG) based pattern recognition approaches have been studied for many years. A number of methods for classifying EMG patterns have been introduced in the literature. On the purpose of selecting the best performing method for the practical application, this paper compares EMG pattern recognition methods in terms of motion type, feature extraction, dimension reduction, and classification algorithm. Also, for more usability of this research, hand and finger EMG motion data set which had been published online was used. Time-domain, empirical mode decomposition, discrete wavelet transform, and wavelet packet transform were adopted as the feature extraction. Three cases, such as no dimension reduction, principal component analysis (PCA), and linear discriminant analysis (LDA), were compared. Six classification algorithms were also compared: naïve Bayes, k-nearest neighbor, quadratic discriminant analysis, support vector machine, multi-layer perceptron, and extreme machine learning. The performance of each case was estimated by three perspectives: classification accuracy, train time, and test (prediction) time. From the experimental results, the time-domain feature set and LDA were required for the highest classification accuracy. Fast train time and test time are dependent on the classification methods.

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