Combining hybrid powertrain optimization with traffic information has been researched before, but tradeoffs between optimality, driving-cycle sensitivity and speed of calculation have not been cohesively addressed. Optimizing hybrid powertrain with traffic can be done through iterative methods such as Dynamic Programming (DP), Stochastic-DP and Model Predictive Control, but high computation load limits their online implementation. Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy (ECMS) and Adaptive-ECMS were proposed to minimize computation time, but unable to ensure real-time charge-sustaining-operation (CS) in transient traffic environment. Others show relationship between Pontryagin’s Minimum Principles (PMP) and ECMS, but iteratively solve the CS-operation problem offline. This paper proposes combining PMP’s necessary conditions for optimality, with sum-of State-Of-Charge-derivative for CS-operation. A lookup table is generated offline to interpolate linear mass-fuel-rate vs net-power-to-battery slopes to calculate the equivalence ratio for real-time implementation with predicted traffic data. Maximum fuel economy improvements of 7.2% over Rule-Based is achieved within a simulated traffic network.
- Dynamic Systems and Control Division
Hybrid Powertrain Optimization With Real-Time Traffic Information
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Mohd Zulkefli, MA, Zheng, J, Sun, Z, & Liu, H. "Hybrid Powertrain Optimization With Real-Time Traffic Information." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference. Volume 2: Control, Monitoring, and Energy Harvesting of Vibratory Systems; Cooperative and Networked Control; Delay Systems; Dynamical Modeling and Diagnostics in Biomedical Systems; Estimation and Id of Energy Systems; Fault Detection; Flow and Thermal Systems; Haptics and Hand Motion; Human Assistive Systems and Wearable Robots; Instrumentation and Characterization in Bio-Systems; Intelligent Transportation Systems; Linear Systems and Robust Control; Marine Vehicles; Nonholonomic Systems. Palo Alto, California, USA. October 21–23, 2013. V002T30A005. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2013-3919
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