The hardware used for software implementation on a physical system introduces uncertainty into the controller. If neglected during design, this uncertainty can lead to poor controller performance, resulting in significant design and verification iterations. In this work, the effect of sampling time, quantization, and fixed-point computation are directly accounted for in the control design. Sampling time is compensated for by a discrete-time controller. A generic methodology is developed for modeling the worst-case scenario effect of quantization and fixed-point computation on the control commands. The cold-start emission control problem is used as a case study, and a discrete-time sliding surface controller is developed. Verification is performed to ensure the estimated worst-case scenario uncertainty bounds are accurate. The bounds are incorporated into a modified version of the control laws. During simulation the modified controller demonstrates significant reduction in tracking error in the presence of hardware imprecisions.
- Dynamic Systems and Control Division
Design of Automotive Control Systems Robust to Hardware Imprecision
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Edelberg, K, Pan, S, & Hedrick, JK. "Design of Automotive Control Systems Robust to Hardware Imprecision." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference. Volume 1: Aerial Vehicles; Aerospace Control; Alternative Energy; Automotive Control Systems; Battery Systems; Beams and Flexible Structures; Biologically-Inspired Control and its Applications; Bio-Medical and Bio-Mechanical Systems; Biomedical Robots and Rehab; Bipeds and Locomotion; Control Design Methods for Adv. Powertrain Systems and Components; Control of Adv. Combustion Engines, Building Energy Systems, Mechanical Systems; Control, Monitoring, and Energy Harvesting of Vibratory Systems. Palo Alto, California, USA. October 21–23, 2013. V001T12A002. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2013-3900
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