We present and compare vehicle maneuver stability under two vehicle dynamics models, one with the rear tire slip angle dynamics and the other with the vehicle side slip angle dynamics. Instead of using vehicle mass center side slip angle, we consider to use rear axial slip angle as one of the state variables for studying vehicle lateral dynamics. Using rear wheel slip angle as a state variable for studying vehicle dynamics has been reported in practices in industry but not rigorously studied. We analyze the new vehicle dynamics and compare the stability results with existing reported results. Both analytical and numerical results have shown that the stability region of the vehicle dynamics by using the rear slip angle is less conservative comparing with using the vehicle side slip angle.

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