Due to very low power throughput and behavior as primarily capacitive loads, voltage conversion for micro-scale piezoelectric and electrostatic actuators can be very inefficient, while analog drive circuit supply currents may also exceed actuator power consumption. When limited instead to switching commands at discrete time instants to control micro-actuator motion, it may be advantageous to coordinate operating periods of any voltage conversion circuitry with actuators. A sample scenario of a traditional boost converter driving a thin-film piezoelectric micro-robotic appendage along a trajectory is considered through simulation studies. Some ranges of target motion accuracy are achieved using less energy, up to a 25% reduction at 30 V, for a 4 V battery, when coordinating voltage converter operation, even when conversion efficiency is very low.

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