Electrical Capacitance Tomography (ECT) is a method to determine the material distribution within the interior of a closed object by measuring the capacitance values across externally mounted electrodes. Traditionally, an AC excitation pulse is applied to a pair of electrodes that form a capacitor during each measurement step, in order to determine the capacitance from the output current measured. This paper investigates how the speed of inter-electrode capacitance measurement can be improved by comparatively studying three methods that affect the way electrodes are excited and signals are received: 1) multiple-excitation-single-receiving, 2) single-excitation-multiple-receiving, and 3) multiple-excitation-multiple-receiving. A PSPICE circuit model was built to simulate the bandwidth and interference between the simultaneously sampled measurement channels. Simulations using ECT sensors with 8 and 12-electrodes have shown that measurement speed can be increased by up to 3 ∼ 30 times as compared to the traditional mode of capacitance measurement. Such new capability opens up new possibilities for ECT as an effective tool for online, real-time monitoring of a wide range of dynamical processes in the industry.

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