A combination of a low-pressure EGR and a high-pressure EGR for Diesel engines can effectively reduce the NOx emissions. In comparison to a conventional high-pressure EGR, the combination with a low-pressure EGR introduces an additional degree of freedom for the air path control. From control perspective the weaker couplings with the charging pressure and the dynamics of the gas composition in the intake and exhaust system are the major differences between the low-pressure and the high-pressure EGR. The lower gas temperature of the low-pressure EGR further reduces the emissions. A control oriented model is presented to control the gas composition in the intake system. Therefore a reference value transformation converts a desired air mass flow rate into a desired gas composition in the intake system. Depending on the dynamical gas compositions in the intake and exhaust system, the reference value of the desired gas composition results in a setpoint for a high-pressure EGR mass flow rate controller. Due to the faster dynamics of the high-pressure EGR, this controller accounts for the fast dynamical effects in the gas system. The presented control structure in combination with the reference value generation is invariant to model and sensor uncertainties and results stationary in an air mass flow rate control. As additional control variable, the intake temperature is controlled by the low-pressure EGR mass flow rate. A calibrated desired temperature delivers the setpoint for a low-pressure EGR mass flow rate controller.

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