Presented is a method for model based diagnostics of automotive three-way catalysts (TWC). The model relates measurable engine inputs (engine air mass (AM) and catalyst temperature), to a metric indicating oxygen storage capacity, KTWC. The model structure is identified using orthogonal least squares (OLS). The model coefficients are estimated via the instrumental variable four step (IV4) approach. TWC diagnostics is realized using an information synthesis (IS) technique. This diagnostics method is experimentally validated using data from federal test procedure (FTP) driving cycle for a healthy (full useful life, FUL) and failed (threshold) TWC.

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