Ergonomics is a discipline that considers the mental and physical capabilities and limitations of people in relation to the demands of their work. The goal of ergonomics is to minimize error and fatigue by matching job requirements with human abilities through a process of analysis and design in determining the dimensions and layout of the workspace, the design of tools and equipment, and the development of work procedures. When jobs fit people, the result is improved productivity, reduced accidents and injuries and greater job satisfaction. This paper briefly examines the ergonomic approach to identifying and reducing job related risk factors associated with cumulative trauma disorders and back stress. Examples of controls to eliminate risk factors are presented along with some workplace design principles and guidelines.

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