The Florida Citrus Industry has come to realize that by-products and specialty products are important ingredients in the overall economic returns from citrus processing. The purpose of this paper is to show the potential recoveries of various commodities that can be produced from Valencia oranges, Marsh and Duncan grapefruit. It is hoped that these data will generate interest in improving present processes to obtain greater recoveries, and at the same time create a desire on the part of citrus processors to produce more sophisticated specialty products of greater economic value. Many different trade-offs and options are available in any given by-product operation, and it must be realized that not all of the products discussed can be produced simultaneously. Certainly future profits to a great extent, will be dependent on an adequate understanding of a more sophisticated by-product and specialty product technology.

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