Abstract

Blood pressure measurement in current medical practice relies on manual methods with the most widely used modality being sphygmomanometers. Utilizing the principle of Photoplethysmography, it is possible to provide an accurate reading of one’s blood pressure through light signals and photodetector devices. This research paper introduces a new Artificial Intelligence driven approach to predict Blood pressure levels and classify them according to the updated ACC (American College of Cardiology) criteria as Normal, Elevated, Stage I, and II Hypertension from the given PPG signal values using Machine Learning Models. This research paper aims to accurately read the Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure using Artificial Intelligence, place them into the correct value bins and further prove that the blood pressure values differ based on different skin tones in different light wavelengths such as red, infrared, and green. Machine Learning models such as the Support Vector Machine have shown an accuracy of 70.58% for Systolic Blood Pressure and Decision Tree with an accuracy of 74.4% for Diastolic Blood Pressure classification. The models used in this research are Support Vector Machine, Decision Tree and K-Nearest Neighbor. This research study has future applications and extensions to predict blood pressure levels for patients with different skin tones under different light radiations and PPG signal readings. Neural Network models will be developed to compare the blood predictions from this work.

This content is only available via PDF.