Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) requires ports to be placed through the body wall in a manner such that instruments can reach a desired area. Limitations of laparoscopic surgery include maintaining triangulation and ergonomics for the surgeon while allowing access to the anatomy with non-wristed instruments . In robotically-assisted MIS, the surgeon does not stand bedside, and they have wristed instruments that the robot manipulates. Limitations of robotically-assisted MIS include range of motion (ROM) limits and decreased spatial awareness, resulting in the potential for interfering robotic components. As a result, port placement varies between laparoscopic and robotically-assisted surgery.
Port Placement Optimization for Robotically-Assisted Minimally Invasive Surgery
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Stricko, RG, III, Page, B, Kerdok, AE, Itkowitz, B, & Pile, J. "Port Placement Optimization for Robotically-Assisted Minimally Invasive Surgery." Proceedings of the 2018 Design of Medical Devices Conference. 2018 Design of Medical Devices Conference. Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. April 9–12, 2018. V001T08A005. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DMD2018-6840
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