Most existing transtibial prostheses are energetically passive. Amputees using passive prostheses exhibit asymmetrical gait patterns , consume more metabolic energy [2–3], and walk at lower speed compared with able-bodied individuals [2–3]. As a result, powered transtibial prostheses are gaining increasing popularity. Several studies have shown that powered prostheses can improve the walking performance of the amputees [4–5]. However, most studies only focus on the importance of the ankle joint and few pay attention to the effects of toe joint during walking.
PANTOE II: Improved Version of a Powered Transtibial Prosthesis With Ankle and Toe Joints
Zhu, J, She, H, & Huang, Q. "PANTOE II: Improved Version of a Powered Transtibial Prosthesis With Ankle and Toe Joints." Proceedings of the 2018 Design of Medical Devices Conference. 2018 Design of Medical Devices Conference. Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. April 9–12, 2018. V001T03A015. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DMD2018-6942
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