The time required to get a device to market is critical to a successful design, development, and manufacturing process [1]. Achieving status of the first device to market is often a priority for manufacturers and developers. Upon market introduction, it is well known that device performance must meet at least minimum standards in order to provide consumer satisfaction and be a successful product to prevent competitive devices from taking over the market [1]. However, if a design only meets minimum expectations, it may struggle to maintain market control. This demonstrates the tradeoffs of speed-to-market and performance, for which optimization has not been clearly defined [2]. Product performance and usability can be designed in, evaluated and enhanced in order to avoid user errors and achieve optimal profitability.

For medical devices, clinical trials are a key step in preparing to take a device to market. Clinical trials can allow for analyses of the effectiveness of the device in the patient care process. For wearable medical devices, patient usability is crucial to patient adherence and safety since the device will be operated by non-medically trained individuals [3,4]. Without adequate usability, adherence and continuity of care are greatly reduced which will reduce the overall effectiveness of the device [5,6]. Human factors principles can best be incorporated in the design process to improve the usability of medical devices and patient safety [5,6,7], specifically for those used in telemedicine [4] and cardiovascular treatment [3]. The objective of this project was to evaluate a telemedicine heart rate monitoring device for patient usability in order to improve the next device’s performance and lead to greater patient adherence for the current version via an improved user manual.

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