Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), resulting from the accumulation of plaque, causes obstruction of blood flow in the large arteries in the arm and leg. In the United States, approximately 8.4 million people over the age of 40 have PAD [1]. If not treated, PAD can cause ischemic ulcerations and gangrene, which could eventually lead to amputation. Approximately, 25% of patients with PAD have worsening limb symptoms over 5 years, 7% requiring revascularization, and 4% requiring amputation [2].

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