Design of an artificial knee was developed using computer 3-D modeling, the high flexion knee was obtained by using a multi-radii design pattern, The increase of final 20 degrees in flexion was obtained by increasing the condylar radii of curvature. The model of the high flexion knee was developed and one of the models was subjected to finite element modeling and analysis.
The compositions of components in the artificial knee were, femoral component and the tibial component were metal, whereas the patellar component and the meniscal insert were made using polyethylene. The metal component used for the analysis in this study was Ti6Al4V and the polyethylene used was UHMWPE. Overall biomaterials chosen were: meniscus (UHMWPE, mass = 0.0183701 kg, volume = 1.97518e-005 m3), tibial component (Ti6Al4V, mass = 0.0584655 kg, volume = 1.32013e-005 m3), femoral component (Ti6Al4V, mass = 0.153122 kg, volume = 3.45742e-005 m3), total artificial assembly (mass = 0.229958 kg, volume = 6.75e-005m3).
However, in this design the load had been taken to 10 times the body weight. The weight over single knee is only half the maximum load as the load is shared between the two knee joints. Following were the loading conditions, taking average body weight to be 70Kgs and taking extreme loading conditions of up to 10 times the body weight, i.e. 700Kgs on each of the leg performed the Finite Element Analysis (FEA) over the newly designed knee. The loading was done at an increment of 100 Kgs. The loading conditions and the meshing details for the analysis of the assembly were Jacobian check: 4 points, element size: 0.40735 cm, tolerance: 0.20367 cm, quality: high, number of elements: 80909, number of nodes: 126898. A maximum load of 600 Kgs is optimum for this model. The other components observed linear elastic behavior for the applied loads. Based on these results it was determined that the load bearing capacity of the model were well within the failure levels of the materials used for the analysis. A maximum load of 600 Kgs is optimum for this model. The other components observed linear elastic behavior for the applied loads. Based on these results it was determined that the load bearing capacity of the model were well within the failure levels of the materials used for the analysis.
Conclusion drawn from this is that for the first time an innovative new design of an artificial knee joint to suite a segment of some religious population has been developed. This allows them to pray, bend in different positions and squat without too much difficulty.