The Charite III artificial disc replacement was approved for use in the United States in October of 2004 by the FDA. Another similarly designed lumbar disc replacement called the ProDisc II was also approved by the FDA a year later in January of 2006. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively review 29 patients with either the Charite III or the Prodisc II disc replacement surgery and complications.
Lumbar Disc Replacement Failures: Review of 29 Patients and Rationale for Revision
Rosen, C, Kiester, DP, & Lee, TQ. "Lumbar Disc Replacement Failures: Review of 29 Patients and Rationale for Revision." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 4th Frontiers in Biomedical Devices Conference. ASME 2009 4th Frontiers in Biomedical Devices. Irvine, California, USA. June 8–9, 2009. pp. 95-96. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/BioMed2009-83060
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