Epilepsy is characterized by unprovoked, recurring seizures that disrupt the nervous system and can cause mental and physical dysfunction. It affects all age groups. About 14% of epilepsy patients are under 15 years old and 24% are over 64, with 62% being between those ages. There is an increased risk of death due to accidents, suicide and other medical conditions. There are also cases where the death appears to be directly related to epilepsy itself, usually referred to as Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP). This information is not always passed from doctor to patient, for various reasons. Epilepsy share is an uncontrolled electrical discharge from nerve cells in the cerebral cortex. This is the part of the brain that integrates higher mental functions, general movement, and the functions of the internal organs in the abdominal cavity, perception, and behavioral reactions. The early warning system will be based on three factors: 1. Detection of abnormal electrical activity of brain. 2. Detection of abnormal breathing (too fast or too slow) that almost always accompanies the onset of an attack. 3. Unusual sensations or movements of parts of body such as muscles relaxation and tightening.
Comprehensive Epilepsy Early Warning System and Seizure Alarm
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Singh, NK, & Singh, RK. "Comprehensive Epilepsy Early Warning System and Seizure Alarm." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 4th Frontiers in Biomedical Devices Conference. ASME 2009 4th Frontiers in Biomedical Devices. Irvine, California, USA. June 8–9, 2009. pp. 89-92. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/BioMed2009-83042
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