Premature infants receive enteral feedings well before the time they would have if they remained in utero. The alimentary system may or may not be receptive to nutrition. Neonatal caretakers must decide whether it is safe to feed the patient. Possible etiologies of bowel dysfunction include bowel obstruction, functional or anatomic which may be reflected as an abnormality or lack of peristalsis. This peristalsis may be monitored acoustically to determine the health of the patient’s digestive tract.

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