Direct numerical simulations (DNSs) on autoignition and flame propagation of inhomogeneous methane–air mixtures in a closed vessel are conducted with considering detailed kinetic mechanism and temperature dependence of transport and thermal properties. The mixtures with spatial inhomogeneity of temperature or equivalence ratio are investigated. Periodic condition for non-heatloss cases or isothermal wall condition for heatloss cases is imposed on the boundaries. From the DNS results without heatloss, effects of spatial inhomogeneity of temperature and equivalence ratio on mean heat release rate are clarified. Increase of spatial variations of temperature or equivalence ratio suppresses drastic rise of mean heat release rate and reduces its maximum value. Autoignition process is affected by temperature more strongly than equivalence ratio. In the cases with heatloss, ignition delay increases and the maximum mean heat release rate decreases. After autoignition process, propagating flame is formed along walls. Heat transfer characteristics in a closed vessel are also discussed with combustion mechanisms.

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