Droplet impact cooling has been shown to be a promising method for high heat flux removal applications. Recent experimental studies have revealed that even higher heat transfer at low mass fluxes and low Weber number can be achieved with only few degrees of superheat. In the present work, mono-dispersed droplet cooling of a horizontal upward facing heated surface was investigated at low Weber numbers. The impact velocity and frequency of free falling stream of droplets were varied dependently through changing the gap between the heated surface and tip of different capillaries and variation of volumetric flow rate (0.5–4.7 cc/min).The range of impact velocity and droplet frequency was ranged between 0.28 to 1.3 m/s and 0.5 Hz to 5 Hz, respectively using different capillaries size between 17g to 22g. The coolant was 25°C deionized water and all the experiments were performed at atmospheric pressure. The time-averaged two-phase characteristic curves were obtained up to Critical Heat Flux (CHF)-regime. Through the extensive set of experiments, two separate correlations are proposed to predict the average CHFs based on the Weber between 3<We<10, 10<We<100 and Strouhal number ranged and 6.35×10−3<St<3.88×10−2 1.81×10−3<St<3.86×10−2, respectively. The correlation predicts the average CHFs with absolute errors less than 20% and 25%, respectively.
- Heat Transfer Division
Two-Phase Cooling Characteristics of Mono-Dispersed Droplets Impacted on a Heated Surface
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Mahmoudi, SR, Adamiak, K, & Castle, GSP. "Two-Phase Cooling Characteristics of Mono-Dispersed Droplets Impacted on a Heated Surface." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2011 8th Thermal Engineering Joint Conference. ASME/JSME 2011 8th Thermal Engineering Joint Conference. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. March 13–17, 2011. T10250. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/AJTEC2011-44652
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