The lower limit for the occurrence of homogeneous nucleation boiling explosion during water heating at atmospheric pressure has been determined by applying a new theoretical model proposed by the authors. Two different cases of liquid heating have been considered for the study of homogeneous nucleation boiling explosion. In one case, the liquid on the surface is linearly heated at a rate of 10 K/s to 109 K/s. In another case, the liquid suddenly contacts with a high temperature surface such as in case of quenching with jet impingement or droplet. For the linear boundary heating case, the liquid temperature limit at which homogeneous boiling explosion occurs without any cavity or surface effect, essentially corresponds to a value of 302 °C even though the surface is heated very slowly. On the other hand, during water contact with hot surfaces, the occurrence of the homogeneous boiling explosion within a characteristic time period of 1 millisecond is obtained at a maximum liquid temperature of 303 °C for a limiting steady state boundary temperature of about 304 °C. From the definition of the steady-state interface boundary temperature of two 1-D semi-infinite body contact, the lower limiting surface temperatures for the occurrence of the homogeneous nucleation boiling explosion have been determined for water contact with various solid surfaces with different liquid initial temperatures ranging from 0 °C to 100 °C. The effects of the parametric variation in the boundary heating conditions on various characteristics of the homogeneous boiling explosion such as liquid temperature and time of boiling explosion, heat-flux across the liquid-vapor interface at the boiling explosion etc. are also determined and discussed in context with other results available in the literature.

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